Modwene Poulmarc’h

CDD Chercheur projet ANR-DFG Kur(A)gan
Période : Mésolithique, Néolithique, Chalcolithique, âge du Bronze

Région : le Sud Caucase

Méthodes : méthode de l’archéothanatologie, identification biologique individuelle

Le Sud Caucase situé entre la mer Caspienne et la mer Noire et se compose de trois pays : l’Arménie, l’Azerbaïdjan et la Géorgie. Cette région est particulièrement complexe et intéressante, car elle est à la fois un centre d’innovations pourvus de riches traditions locales et une périphérie perméable aux innovations et aux cultures de ses voisins.

Le Sud Caucase, carrefour naturel, culturel et économique, rend possible, à travers l’étude de son identité, l’exploration de la diffusion et de la circulation des matériaux, des savoir-faire, des innovations et bien évidement des groupes humains entre l’Europe, l’Asie et le Proche-Orient

Mes recherches visent à intégrer l’étude des pratiques funéraires aux recherches archéologiques qui se développent actuellement dans la région, afin de contribuer à une meilleure connaissance des sociétés du Sud Caucase entre le 8ème et le 2ème millénaire av. J.-C. En effet, étudier le monde des morts permet, non seulement de reconstituer, au moins en partie, l’idéologie funéraire des sociétés passées, mais apporte également des données fondamentales sur l’organisation sociale et, les modalités d’occupation du territoire en lien avec l’environnement (au travers de l’étude des « paysages funéraires ») ainsi que sur les relations avec les régions voisines.

Mes travaux ont pour objectifs de mieux caractériser les pratiques funéraires qui ont eu cours du Mésolithique à la fin de l’âge du Bronze afin de comprendre leur évolution, de tester l’existence de particularités régionales, de clarifier l’évolution des relations entre les lieux de vie et les lieux d’inhumation, et d’identifier les causes de ces évolutions. Enfin, des comparaisons avec les régions voisines sont également réalisées afin d’identifier les liens qui ont pu exister avec celles-ci.

Pour cela je réalise des fouilles d’ensembles funéraires, selon les méthodes de l’archéothanatologie, l’analyse de la documentation ancienne et l’étude des restes humains.

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