Carlos Sánchez-Hernández

Doctorant – GReNES
Directeurs : Florent Rivals (IPHES, Tarragone) & Lionel Gourichon (CEPAM, CNRS)

Affiliation : Universitat Rovira i Virgili (Tarragone, Espagne) et CEPAM (UMR 7264, CNRS)

Sujet de thèse : Paléoécologie néandertalienne au Paléolithique moyen dans le nord de l’Espagne : analyse combinée de micro-usure dentaire et de cémentochronologie.

Titre original : Paleoecología neandertal en el Paleolítico medio en el norte de España: análisis combinado de micro-desgaste dental y cementocronología.

Mots-clés : Néanderthal, Ongulés, Subsistance, Paléolithique moyen, Espagne, Méso- et micro-usure dentaire, Cémentochronologie, Systèmes d’implantation et de mobilité

Diplômé d’Histoire de l'Université de Séville (Espagne) en 2011, ma formation a été complétée par le Master Erasmus Mundus "Quaternaire et Préhistoire" à l'Universitat Rovira i Virgili (Tarragone, Espagne) (2011-2013). La formation était axée sur l'apprentissage et l'application de la technique de l'usure dentaire (méso- et micro-usure) sur les dents d’ongulés sous la direction de Florent Rivals (IPHES, Tarragone), dans le but de contribuer à la connaissance des modes d’implantations néandertaliennes et de l'écologie de leurs proies (principalement les ongulés).

En 2015, le ministère espagnol de l'Économie et de la Compétitivité (MINECO) m'a accordé une bourse de doctorat (FPI) dans le cadre du projet " Snapshots of Neanderthal lifestyles: Behavioural patterns and high resolution archaeology" (HAR2013-48784-C3-1-P), basé à l'Institut Català de Paleoecología Humana i Evolució Social (Tarragone, Espagne) (IPHES).

Ma recherche doctorale a pour but d'explorer les questions liées aux comportements, au système de mobilité et d’implantation d’Homo neanderthalensis à travers l'étude du caractère saisonnier de leurs occupations dans le nord de la péninsule ibérique. Cette recherche est basée sur l'analyse de l’usure dentaire (méso-usure et micro-usure) et sur la cémentochronologie appliquées aux principaux ongulés chassés au Paléolithique moyen dans ces régions. L'objectif est de tester l'hypothèse selon laquelle le comportement et l'écologie des Néandertaliens étaient influencés par les changements environnementaux dans deux régions différentes de la péninsule ibérique.

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Ph.D. tesis (in progress): Neanderthal Paleoecology in the Middle Palaeolithic in Northern Spain: combined analysis of dental microwear and cementochronology.

Direction: Florent Rivals (IPHES, Tarragona, Spain) & Lionel Gourichon (CEPAM, CNRS, Nice, France)

Key-words: Neanderthal, Ungulates, Subsistence, Middle Palaeolithic, Spain, Dental Wear, Cementochronology, Settlement and Mobility Patterns

Graduated in History from the University of Seville (Spain) in 2011, the training was complemented with the Master Erasmus Mundus "Quaternary and Prehistory" at the Universitat Rovira i Virgili (Tarragona, Spain) (2011-2013). The training was focused on learning and applying the technique of dental wear (meso- and microwear) on ungulates teeth under the direction of Dr. Florent Rivals, with the objective of contributing to the knowledge of Neanderthal settlement patterns and the ecology of their prey (mainly ungulates).

In 2015 the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO) awarded me with a PhD grant (FPI) linked to the project "Snapshots of Neanderthal lifestyles: Behavioural patterns and high-resolution archaeology" (HAR2013-48784-C3-1-P), based at the « Institut Català de Paleoecología Humana i Evolució Social » (Tarragona, Spain) (IPHES).

The dissertation intends to explore the issues related to behavioral, mobility and settlement patterns of Homo neanderthalensis through the study of the seasonality of their occupations in the northern part of the Iberian Peninsula. This research is based on tooth microwear analysis and cementochronology applied to the main the ungulates hunted during the Middle Palaeolithic in these areas. The aim is to address the hypothesis that Neanderthal behavior and ecology would be differentially influenced by environmental changes in two different areas of the Iberian Peninsula.

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