θέω

Validation

Yes

Word-form

θεούς

Transliteration (Word)

theos

English translation (word)

God

Transliteration (Etymon)

theō

English translation (etymon)

run

Author

Plato

Century

5th/4th BC

Source

Idem

Ref.

Cratylus 397d

Ed.

Burnet, Platonis Opera, Oxford UP, 1903

Other translation(s)

Modern Greek: και ακολουθώντας τότε την ποιητική και κοινή συνήθεια, ή και υποθέτοντας την ετυμολογία της λέξης από το θέω, όπως είπε ο ίδιος, δίνει το όνομα θεός  

Parallels

John Philoponus, Against Proclus On the Eternity of the World 637.1-6 (εἰ τοίνυν το θεὸς ὄνομα τοῖς οὐρανίοις ἀπὸ τοῦ ἀεὶ θεῖν ὑπὸ τῶν πάλαι Ἑλλήνων τεθῆναι Πλάτων νενόμικεν) ; ibid, 645.10-11 (ἔθει δὲ ποιητικῷ καὶ κοινῷ τότε χρώμενος ἢ καὶ ἐκ τοῦ θεῖν παρετυμολογῶν, ὡς αὐτὸς εἴρηκεν, θεὸν ὀνομάζει).

John Philoponus On Aristotle’s Meteorology 17.21-23 (οἱ πρὸ ἡμῶν ὑπολαμβάνοντες αἰθέρα τοῦτο τὸ σῶμα προσαγορεύουσιν ἐκ τοῦ ἀεὶ θέειν καὶ παῦλα τῆς κινήσεως μὴ ἔχειν καὶ θεῖον εἶναι οὕτως αὐτὸν ὀνομάσαντες)

Modern etymology

Old derivative of root *dheh1- "to place" (τίθημι), identical with Armenian dik‘ "gods". The consonantal structure is preserved in compounds θέσκελος, θεσπέσιος, θέσφατος (Chantraine 1970, 430). Etymologically related to Latin fēriae "religious festival".

Persistence in modern Greek

The word is still used in Modern Greek meaning ‘God’, the divine entity that has created and rules the world. It is also used for someone or something that we extremely love and appreciate (Triandafyllidis Dictionary of Modern Greek).