δέος + λίαν

Validation

Yes

Word-form

δειλία

Transliteration (Word)

deilia

English translation (word)

cowardice

Transliteration (Etymon)

deos + lian

English translation (etymon)

fear + excessively

Author

Orion

Century

5 AD

Source

Id.

Ref.

p. 177

Ed.

F.W. Sturz, Orionis Thebani etymologicon, Leipzig, 1820

Quotation

δειλία· ἐκ τοῦ δέους λίαν

Translation (En)

Cowardice (deilia): from excessive (lian) fear (deos)

Comment

The etymological link with δέος is correct. The analysis as a compound containing λίαν is not. The principle of this explanation is the same as that in Plato, Cratylus 415c (see under etymon δεῖ + λίαν).

Parallels

Etym. Gudianum, delta 338 (δειλία· ἐκ τοῦ δέος λίαν).

Modern etymology

Δειλία is an abstract noun in -ία derived from δειλός "coward", belonging with δέος "fear", δείδω "I fear". Indo-European root *dwei-.

Persistence in modern Greek

The word "δειλία" is still used in MG with the meaning 'lack of courage, cowardice' (Triandafyllidis Dictionary of MG).