ἵστημι + ῥόος

Validation

Yes

Word-form

ἱστορία

Transliteration (Word)

historia

English translation (word)

inquiry

Transliteration (Etymon)

histēmi + rhoos

English translation (etymon)

to make the stream/flow stand

Author

Plato

Century

4 BC

Source

Source

Id.

Ref.

Cratylus 437b1-2

Ed.

Burnet, Platonis Opera, Oxford UP, 1903

Other translation(s)

Modern Greek: Και η "ιστορία" περίπου αυτό σημαίνει, ότι σταματά τη ροή.

Comment

This fanciful etymology, based on form more than meaning, is not repeated in other authors or lexicographers.

Modern etymology

ἱστορία is a derivative from ἵστωρ "witness, arbiter, the one who knows". The root is *weid- "to see" (εἶδον, οἶδα, Lat. video, Germ. ich weiss)

Persistence in modern Greek

The word "ιστορία" is still used in MG with the meanings: a) 'knowledge of facts', b) 'development', c) everything which is maintained in people's memory, d) chronological period, e) a story, a book, f) narration (Triandafyllidis Dictionary of MG).